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word practice exercise: conjuncts

put a conjunct from the following list in each of the blank spaces.
• in most cases more than one correct answer is possible.
• notice that in most cases the blank space is at the beginning of a sentence .


• afterward

• in addition

• then

• consequently

• however

• as a result

• on the other hand

• later
(1) In recent years applicants for factory work are often rejected if they have not had formal training. ________________________ , the majority of workers still learn most of their skills after they are hired.

(2) When the logging companies arrived, the peasants thought they would soon have schools and hospitals. ________________________ , that is not how things turned out.

(3) The government agency admitted that not all cases of slavery that were investigated were properly recorded. ________________________ , they admitted that there was no central location where all the records were kept.

(4) In his book, the astronomer said that the universe would continue to expand for billions of years. ________________________ , it would begin to contract and that process would continue for many more billions of years.

(5) The large foreign debt of many developing countries forces them to exploit their forests in a short-sighted way. ________________________ , if these debts are reduced the rate of deforestation will probably decline.

(6) The judge reminded the jury that they had to choose between finding the accused man guilty of murder and finding him innocent. ________________________  , he told them that, if they did decide the man was guilty, he would be sentenced to death.

(7) When Tom was driving through his home town, he decided to phone his old friend Harry. ________________________ , he got into a lot of trouble and spent the next ten years in jail.

(8) When he was asked to explain why he had taken so long to finish the job, Dick said that he had to answer 312 phone calls during that week. ________________________ , he said, he had replied to more than 400 email messages.

(9) A good Chardonnay wine should be kept for several years before it is drunk. Beaujolais wines, ________________________ , should be drunk when they are very young.

(10) The pre-game supper will be at 5:30 p.m. ________________________ , a bus will carry everyone to the stadium for the big game.

(11) Jill sat beside Jack’s bed every night during his long illness. ________________________ he found it hard to believe he had spent so much time so close to her.

(12) In the past, Jill had never been afraid of dogs. Since she was attacked, ________________________ , she has not been able to look at one without shaking.